The water cooling towers that we currently use today was originally prototyped way back in the industrial age. Back then, it was used for dissipation if waste heat that were generated from the industrial processes.
Cooling tower systems had emerged because it was a necessity. Lack of natural water was overheating the waste that were being produced, therefore to counter this the cooling towers were widely accepted.
This trend continued for several years and by early 20th Century, these towers were technologically advanced and researched on. This was mainly because of the growing consumption of electricity giving a massive boom to the electronic power suppliers and the industry in general.
This cooling loads that were being produced as a direct result of the generation of electricity and electric power has led to the development of the structures that were huge and often custom built with wood as their choice of construction material.
The development and research of cooling towers depended solely on the growth of the electric supply industry in general and process users, until the air conditioners, meant for commercial use was invented. With this new emergence, the evolution of cooling towers changed completely, taking the form of what we see today.
Today, the cooling tower system is used for handling one of the most valuable and important processes of the industrial businesses. This is keeping all the expensive gears and equipment cool enough for efficient operation while at the same time maintaining that it does not cause environmental pollution. Cooling system also takes care of the cost related issues that usually comes with these gears and equipment.
There are much more varieties to choose from when it comes to cooling towers nowadays as well. There are towers that are enormous, consuming space and money but covering a wider area and performing heavy duty work, and there are smaller, even rooftop cooling systems that can help with smaller surfaces and hold only a small gallon of water.
Whatever be the case, there is no doubt that cooling systems have changed drastically and are much more versatile, allowing a greater range of products for matters such as size, durability and even capacity.
Here is a brief time line of the evolution of cooling systems:
Developed in the 19th century first, cooling towers were essential equipment needed to run any factories, and especially in the developing countries, as a result of the Industrial Revolution.
Cooling towers became increasingly expensive to buy and own, both because if its popularity and because of its huge sizes. This was mostly because these cooling towers could not run without water bodies as big as the Atlantic Ocean.
Since there was a lack of irrigation of water systems, channeling and maintaining water supply was expensive in placed that were not close to natural sources of water. Dry cooling started to become popular.
Nowadays, cooling systems are developed to be as ecofriendly as possible, without taking a lot of space and maintenance upkeep for standard sized industries.
Cooling Towers India now operate better, including ones that belong to petroleum refineries and HVAC units, and is now more cost effective and sustainable.